American Journal of Aerospace Engineering

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Energy Absorbency and Impact Resistance of D3O® Materials Under Dynamic Impact Loadings

Received: Jul. 30, 2022    Accepted: Jan. 09, 2023    Published: Jan. 17, 2023
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Abstract

Hand-held power tools, such as percussive riveting tools, produce vibrational forces that are transmitted through the hands, arms, and elbows. These vibrational forces may be responsible for the causation of short and long-term neuronal and/or vascular diseases. Personal protective materials are available commercially, some of which are used during the operation of percussive power tools (e.g., anti-vibration gloves). In previous studies, D3O® materials showed a greater absorption of impact energy in low-velocity static impact testing compared to conventional materials. In this study, D3O® materials were tested under dynamic impact loadings to evaluate resistance to impact characteristics to assess the adequacy of an ergonomic intervention using D3O® materials. An experiment was performed to evaluate material resistance to impact by evaluating the peak load values with different precompression magnitudes and loading frequencies. D3O® materials showed that compression magnitude was a statistically significant factor (p = 0.00) affecting the peak load value compared to loading frequency, which had little to no effect when tested under 14 Hz or less. As peak loads increase, the resistance to impact loading decreases and energy transmission increases. D3O® back protector (DBP) and D3O® Rifle Harness (DRH) exhibited lower peak values compared to D3O® Recoil Pad (DRP) material. D3O® materials may be considered to be utilized in a riveting and bucking intervention to reduce vibrational forces from percussive tools in a dynamic aircraft manufacturing environment.

DOI 10.11648/j.ajae.20231001.11
Published in American Journal of Aerospace Engineering ( Volume 10, Issue 1, June 2023 )
Page(s) 1-10
Creative Commons

This is an Open Access article, distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), which permits unrestricted use, distribution and reproduction in any medium or format, provided the original work is properly cited.

Copyright

Copyright © The Author(s), 2024. Published by Science Publishing Group

Keywords

D3O® Material, Dynamic Impact Loading, Peak Load and Impact Resistance, Recovery Time

References
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Cite This Article
  • APA Style

    Anas A. Shargawi, Michael J. Jorgensen, Nils A. Hakansson, Ryan Z. Amick, Ramazan Asmatulu. (2023). Energy Absorbency and Impact Resistance of D3O® Materials Under Dynamic Impact Loadings. American Journal of Aerospace Engineering, 10(1), 1-10. https://doi.org/10.11648/j.ajae.20231001.11

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    ACS Style

    Anas A. Shargawi; Michael J. Jorgensen; Nils A. Hakansson; Ryan Z. Amick; Ramazan Asmatulu. Energy Absorbency and Impact Resistance of D3O® Materials Under Dynamic Impact Loadings. Am. J. Aerosp. Eng. 2023, 10(1), 1-10. doi: 10.11648/j.ajae.20231001.11

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    AMA Style

    Anas A. Shargawi, Michael J. Jorgensen, Nils A. Hakansson, Ryan Z. Amick, Ramazan Asmatulu. Energy Absorbency and Impact Resistance of D3O® Materials Under Dynamic Impact Loadings. Am J Aerosp Eng. 2023;10(1):1-10. doi: 10.11648/j.ajae.20231001.11

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  • @article{10.11648/j.ajae.20231001.11,
      author = {Anas A. Shargawi and Michael J. Jorgensen and Nils A. Hakansson and Ryan Z. Amick and Ramazan Asmatulu},
      title = {Energy Absorbency and Impact Resistance of D3O® Materials Under Dynamic Impact Loadings},
      journal = {American Journal of Aerospace Engineering},
      volume = {10},
      number = {1},
      pages = {1-10},
      doi = {10.11648/j.ajae.20231001.11},
      url = {https://doi.org/10.11648/j.ajae.20231001.11},
      eprint = {https://download.sciencepg.com/pdf/10.11648.j.ajae.20231001.11},
      abstract = {Hand-held power tools, such as percussive riveting tools, produce vibrational forces that are transmitted through the hands, arms, and elbows. These vibrational forces may be responsible for the causation of short and long-term neuronal and/or vascular diseases. Personal protective materials are available commercially, some of which are used during the operation of percussive power tools (e.g., anti-vibration gloves). In previous studies, D3O® materials showed a greater absorption of impact energy in low-velocity static impact testing compared to conventional materials. In this study, D3O® materials were tested under dynamic impact loadings to evaluate resistance to impact characteristics to assess the adequacy of an ergonomic intervention using D3O® materials. An experiment was performed to evaluate material resistance to impact by evaluating the peak load values with different precompression magnitudes and loading frequencies. D3O® materials showed that compression magnitude was a statistically significant factor (p = 0.00) affecting the peak load value compared to loading frequency, which had little to no effect when tested under 14 Hz or less. As peak loads increase, the resistance to impact loading decreases and energy transmission increases. D3O® back protector (DBP) and D3O® Rifle Harness (DRH) exhibited lower peak values compared to D3O® Recoil Pad (DRP) material. D3O® materials may be considered to be utilized in a riveting and bucking intervention to reduce vibrational forces from percussive tools in a dynamic aircraft manufacturing environment.},
     year = {2023}
    }
    

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  • TY  - JOUR
    T1  - Energy Absorbency and Impact Resistance of D3O® Materials Under Dynamic Impact Loadings
    AU  - Anas A. Shargawi
    AU  - Michael J. Jorgensen
    AU  - Nils A. Hakansson
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    T2  - American Journal of Aerospace Engineering
    JF  - American Journal of Aerospace Engineering
    JO  - American Journal of Aerospace Engineering
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    EP  - 10
    PB  - Science Publishing Group
    SN  - 2376-4821
    UR  - https://doi.org/10.11648/j.ajae.20231001.11
    AB  - Hand-held power tools, such as percussive riveting tools, produce vibrational forces that are transmitted through the hands, arms, and elbows. These vibrational forces may be responsible for the causation of short and long-term neuronal and/or vascular diseases. Personal protective materials are available commercially, some of which are used during the operation of percussive power tools (e.g., anti-vibration gloves). In previous studies, D3O® materials showed a greater absorption of impact energy in low-velocity static impact testing compared to conventional materials. In this study, D3O® materials were tested under dynamic impact loadings to evaluate resistance to impact characteristics to assess the adequacy of an ergonomic intervention using D3O® materials. An experiment was performed to evaluate material resistance to impact by evaluating the peak load values with different precompression magnitudes and loading frequencies. D3O® materials showed that compression magnitude was a statistically significant factor (p = 0.00) affecting the peak load value compared to loading frequency, which had little to no effect when tested under 14 Hz or less. As peak loads increase, the resistance to impact loading decreases and energy transmission increases. D3O® back protector (DBP) and D3O® Rifle Harness (DRH) exhibited lower peak values compared to D3O® Recoil Pad (DRP) material. D3O® materials may be considered to be utilized in a riveting and bucking intervention to reduce vibrational forces from percussive tools in a dynamic aircraft manufacturing environment.
    VL  - 10
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Author Information
  • Department of Industrial, Systems, Manufacturing Engineering, Wichita State University, Wichita, the United States

  • Department of Industrial, Systems, Manufacturing Engineering, Wichita State University, Wichita, the United States

  • Department of Biomedical Engineering, Wichita State University, Wichita, the United States

  • College of Innovation and Design, Wichita State University, Wichita, the United States

  • Department of Mechanical Engineering, Wichita State University, Wichita, the United States

  • Section